What is Dengue?
Dengue is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. The presence of fever, rashes, and aggravation along with other symptoms is particularly characteristic of dengue.
How is Dengue contracted?
The dengue virus is contracted by the bite of a particular mosquito that has bitten an infected individual. 1 sting of such mosquito is enough to cause the illness.
The virus isn’t contagious and cannot be spread directly from person to person. There has to be a person-to-mosquito-to-another person pathway.
Dengue strikes individuals with low levels of resistance. As it is due to one of those four kinds of virus, it’s possible to become dengue fever multiple times. Nevertheless, an attack of dengue creates immunity for a life to this specific type to which the individual was subjected.
Signs of dengue
Dengue starts with chills, headache, pain on shifting eyes and very low backache. Painful aching in joints and legs happens during the first hours of disease. A flushing or pale pink rash comes across the face and then disappears. Glands (lymph nodes) from the neck tend to be swollen.
Fever and other signs of dengue last for two to four days, followed by the rapid fall in temperatures with profuse sweating. This is accompanied by a period with normal temperature and a sense of well-being that lasts about a day. A second rapid increase in temperature follows. A characteristic rash appears along with the temperature and spreads from the extremities to pay the entire body except for the face. The palms and soles can be bright red and swollen.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a more acute form of the viral disease. Manifestations include a headache, fever, rash, and evidence of hemorrhage within the body. Little red or purple blisters under the skin, bleeding from the nose or gums, black stools or easy consequences are all possible signs of hemorrhage. This kind of dengue fever may be life-threatening.
How is dengue fever treated?
As dengue is caused by a virus, there is no specific medication or antibiotic to cure it. For typical dengue, the treatment is purely concerned with the relief of symptoms. Rest and fluid intake for adequate hydration is important.
What’s the outcome with average dengue?
Normal dengue doesn’t result in death. It’s fatal in less than one percent of instances. The acute stage of the illness lasts about a couple of weeks. Convalescence is accompanied by a feeling of weakness and full recovery often requires a few weeks.
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How can dengue be averted?
In regions plagued by dengue fever, people need to empty the stagnant water out of old tires, trash cans and flower pots. Collection of water in any form should be avoided. Limit exposure to mosquitoes by wearing full-sleeved clothing, using mosquito repellants, staying indoors during sunset, using mosquito nets etc..